Tag Archives: Events and holidays in Bulgaria

Museum of Socialist Art opened in Sofia

For all those who have not lived the socialism a new and interesting museum was opened in Sofia on 19 September 2011. The Museum of Socialist Art shows a collection of Bulgarian art of the communist era (1944-1989). Between the exhibits there is the emblematic red-star which was taken from the top of the Communist Party House as well as a 45-tone statue of Lenin, the first Russian communist leader. There is painting exhibition, sculpture park and video hall showing documentaries from the communist era.

The museum located at 7 Luchezar Stanchev Street charges BGN 6 or about EUR 3 admission (BGN 3 for students and pensioners). There is also a shop where one can buy a t-shirt or small souvenir.

Short Excursions off The Beaten Track around Bulgaria – Mountain Adventures 4

Rodopi (or Rhodopi) Mountains are located in the most southern part of the country. With the highest peak – Golyam Perelik (2191 m) they occupy the 7-th place among the Bulgarian mountains.

The best known in the Rodopi is the Pamporovo resort which is suitable for both skiing holidays in the winter and hiking holidays between late spring and autumn. It is an excellent example of a micro climate that permits a fat snow cover to be preserved for a long time and yet to experience many sunny days during the snowy months. As we have already written about Pamporovo in this newsletter we will focus on other sites which are a lot less known especially to foreign visitors.

The Rodopi are bordering the valley of the Maritsa River to the north, the White Sea plain to the south (with part of the mountains spreading on the territory of Greece), to the west – the valley of Mesta River and to the east the valley of Arda. The Rodopi Mountains are covered with some of the most beautiful forests which are centuries old especially in the high western part. There are 15 nature reserves some of which are listed by UNESCO.

The western Rodopi are the bigger part of the total area, the higher, and more developed and visited part of the mountain. The highest and best known peaks are also here (more of 10 are over 2000m) including the leader – Golyam Perelik (2191 m). Among the interesting peaks are Shirokolushki Snezhnik (2188 m), Golyam Persenk (2091 m), Btashki Snezhnik (2082 m), the wonderful Turla (1800 m).

Plovdiv can be used as a starting point for a visit to the Western Rodopi. From there one can take a bus to most points of interest or to take the road through Asenovgrad to the heart of the mountains towards Smolian town and Pamporovo ski resort. Alternatively one can take the route to Velingrad town or through Peshtera to Batak dam.

Velingrad is a small town at the mountain foothills famous for its mineral springs. It is green and one of the nicest places in the town is the Kleptuza lake – a small lake surrounded by a park with restaurants and cafes. From Velingrad you can head by car towards Tsigov Chark. It is a small resort on the Batak dam which is very picturesque being surrounded by the hills and with the distant views towards the highest peaks of Rodopi and Rila mountains.

One of the most picturesque routes is between the Batak dam and the town of Dospat. The road would take you up in the mountain and passes centuries old beautiful forests, curves around the picturesque dams of Goliam Beglik and Shiroka Poliana before reaching Dospat. The views on the way and over Dospat dam are magnificent. The mountain is crossed by ground roads and paths which can be taken for few hour walks in the forests and around the lakes.

Not to miss a very beautiful place, from Dospat we would return to the most south-western part of Rodopi near Gotse Delchev. From there one can take the picturesque road to Leshten and Kovachevitsa – unique villages with amazing 300-400 year old stone houses. It is worth spending a day or two in Kovachevitsa, to walk around the houses and experience the atmosphere of the small restaurants.

In the other direction from Dospat, to the east, is located the karst area with Yagodinska cave, Trigrad Gorge and Devil’s Throat cave – some of the most dramatic sights in Rodopi. If you happen to be in the area it is a must to visit those sites for a day. The gorge to Trigrad village is passing among the 250 m high cliffs reaching the Devil’s Throat cave. You could stay overnight in Trigrad in one of the small family hotels or return to Dospat, Smolyan or Pamporovo.

If you travel from Plovdiv to Smolyan or back you can visit the Bachkovo monastery – the second biggest one in Bulgaria and one of the oldest and most beautiful ones. Another beautiful natural phenomenon on your way – the Wonder Bridges rocks – is a good stop for a short sightseeing. Note that the road to this site is not very good though.

The Western Rodopi around Velingrad, Smolyan and Dospat are very suitable for combining a family holiday for hiking, walking, fishing with visiting beautiful natural sights and places with typical culture and customs. Rodopi’s rolling hills are not a big attraction to lovers of extreme mountain walks but the beauty of the forests and hills deserves a visit.

The Eastern Rodopi are lower and less popular although they have a lot to offer. Several great archeological findings in the recent decades make them one of the most interesting parts of Bulgaria for lovers of ancient history.

Kurdjali is the regional centre for the Eastern Rodopi. It is a calm town with lots of greenery and a starting point for your visit in this part of the mountains. There is an extremely interesting museum in Kurdjali located in a picturesque building of a former Muslim school which shows a lot of the archeology, customs, traditions and nature of the area.

Perperikon is the most interesting place to visit. This is the largest Thracian city discovered by the archeologists, located on a steep hill surrounded by a picturesque valley. Whatever you read about Perperikon will give you just a very modest idea of the beauty of the place. Another must to visit sight which would be on your way is the Rock Mushrooms not too far from Perperikon.

Here are the large dams Kurdzhali and Studen Kladenets that together with the rivers Borovitsa and Varbitsa offer great opportunities for water and birdwatching tourism. The region is rich in thermal mineral springs. Dzhebel has national reputation for healing many different diseases.

Short Excursions off The Beaten Track around Bulgaria – Mountain Adventures 3

Stara Planina (the Balkan) mountains spreads from western border of Bulgaria to the Black Sea. The central part of the mountains is the highest with Botev pick reaching 2,376 m altitude. The eastern part is the lowest and it is hills rather than peaks. The landscapes are diverse and beautiful. Due to the length of the range it is difficult to organise a route covering all major parts of Stara Planina. On the other hand it is quite suitable for short two-three day excursions which can combine climbing with sightseeing in the foothills where there are many heritage sights in small towns and villages.

The highest pick in the western part is Kom just over 2,000 m above sea level (it is not far from the town of Berkovitsa). Kom hut is a starting point for the Kom-Emine route which is a challenge for the most eager mountain lovers and crosses the mountains from West to the East. The most significant site in the Kom range of the mountains is Belogradchik rock formation – red lime-stone rocks beautifully rising above the town of Belogradchik. Not far away is the small town of Chiprovtsi which is known for its traditional multicolour carpets.

Going to the east one can visit Magurata cave. Apart from its natural beauty there are prehistoric drawings dating back to 3,000-1,200 years BC – the oldest in Bulgaria and some of the oldest on the European continent. The cave is not far from the town of Vratsa – the main town of the region where the steep slopes of Stara Planina start literally from the central part of the town.

The area around Lakatnik and Bov is known for the beautiful formations following the deep defile of the Iskar river. It is the favourite destination for cavers with its numerous karst caves some of which are the deepest in Bulgaria.

The Teteven range of Stara Planina is one of the most popular parts with the gorge of Vit River along which both Teteven town and Ribaritsa resort are spread. When travelling from the main road Sofia- Varna towards Ribaritsa you will be amazed with the beautiful sights when the mountain rises from the plain. The forests and rocks on both sides of the road are amazing and the picture is complemented by the crystal waters of the Vit river. Ribaritsa and Teteven are both small resorts and whilst there are quite a few hotels the tourist infrastructure is not very well developed and there aren’t many amenities such as restaurants and bars.

Vejen hut and Vejen pick (2,198 m) are the attractions for lovers of the higher mountains. The road and path leading to them are surrounded by beautiful broad-leaved forests. Another mountain destination in the area is the Vassilyov mountain with the hut and peak with the same name.

The monastery of Glojene is small but its picturesque location makes it desirable place to visit if you are in the area. You would have to take the road to the monastery from the village of Glojene and follow the signs. The road is good but its last part is quite narrow so the journey is not quick.

The Troyan range of Stara Planina is famous for its nature parks and the mineral springs in the villages of Chiflik and Shipkovo as well as the craft traditions in the villages around Troyan such as Oreshaka and Cherni Osam. The Troyan Monastery is the third largest monastery in Bulgaria and is very popular.

There are several mountain routes excellent for one or two day walks within the area. Some of them are:

  • Chiflik – Kozya Stena hut and peak – Beklemeto – Troyan
  • Beli Osam – Beklemeto – Troyan
  • Cherni Osam – Ambaritsa and back
  • Cherni Osam – Steneto and back

If you have more time you can take the routes from Kozya Stena hut to the east to Dermenkaia hut, Levski hut and further to Kupena and Botev peaks. Be prepared for changeable weather and low temperatures even in the hottest summer months.

South and south-east from Troyan there are several nature reserves which are part of Central Balkan nature park – the most important being Djendema and Steneto – where are some of the best preserved forests with rare plants and animals.

If you are travelling between Northern and Southern Bulgaria between April and October you can take the pass from Troyan through Beklemeto to Karnare instead of the more popular roads. It is very picturesque and the views from the highest part are amazing.

The town of Apriltsi is situated in a lovely valley with enchanting views. Although the town itself is not of particular interest it is a starting point for a visit of the highest peaks of Stara Planina as well as to some beautiful protected areas. The Apriltsi area offers excellent opportunities for fishing, walking, horse-riding, cycling and hunting. Apriltsi is spread along the river Vidimska. The town has several quarters which are far from each other and you have to learn the route well before going not to waste time in finding the right place to start your mountain adventure there. From the Vidima quarter one can visit the Vidima waterfall – an outstanding Alpine-looking formation which is most beautiful in the spring when the snow in the higher mountain melts.

The Vidimska valley is bounded by the Severen Dzhendem Reserve. At the foot of this mountain the landscape changes from dense forest slopes into picturesque hills and lush meadows cut by the twisting rivers. The route through the reserve leads to Pleven hut – the starting point from the north for the peak Botev (the highest peak of Stara Planina, 2376 m). Other notable peaks in the area are Triglav and Maragidik. You may decide to continue to the south to the Ray hut over which the highest waterfall in Bulgaria is located (124 m). It is called Raysko Praskalo.

About 20 km north-east of Apriltsi is the Batoshevo Monastery, built in the 13th century. It is less known but worth a visit for the beautiful nature, its amazing paintings and woodcarvings.

At the southern slopes of Stara Planina there is a string of few charming small towns which are connected with the Bulgarian history, culture and traditions of the 19th century. Koprivshtitsa (located in the Sredna Gora mountain) is the first one starting from the west. The old revival houses of Koprivshtitsa are unique and worth a day visit which can be combined with visit to a traditional local restaurant and cafe. Karlovo and Sopot towns are known for the rose oil production. Routes to the huts Dermenkaya, Nezabravka and Vassil Levski start from there. If you do not have the time to climb in the mountains you may decide to take the lift up over Sopot and enjoy the unbeatable views of the valley between Stara Planina and Sredna Gora and the colourful paragliders. This is one of the best sites for paragliding in Bulgaria.

Kalofer is a small town over which the mountain of Botev peak rises dramatically. Kalofer will be your starting point if you want to visit Rayskoto Praskalo waterfall or to climb Botev from the south.

The range of Stara Planina between Gabrovo and Kazanlak is a bit lower but excellent for mountain walking. Gabrovo in the northern foothills is surrounded by few interesting sights. Etara is a nice open-air museum of traditional crafts just outside Gabrovo. Not far from Etara is the Sokolovski monastery, a good starting point for a walk towards Shipka or Buzludja. About 10 km from Gabrovo is the preserved village of Bojentsi and 25 km away is Tryavna, a charming small town which is worth a visit for its atmosphere, excellent small craft shops, restaurants and caf?s as well as its pure mountain air.

Uzana is another beautiful place in the high mountain (about 1,300-1,500 m altitude). It is located 20 km from Gabrovo and there are several hotels and huts. There is skiing during the winter and good walks during all seasons.

The Shipka pass will take you from Gabrovo to Kazanlak. If you have time climb Shipka to see the views from the peak and the monument there. Towards the south is the valley of the Thracian Kings with the tomb in Kazanlak and the tomb Goliama Kosmatka near the village of Shipka.

East of Gabrovo the mountains become lower and more welcoming. The Dryanovo and Elena ranges of the mountains are preserved clean areas with small villages and beautiful views. They cannot offer real mountain adventure but are excellent for a rural holiday in one of the many guest houses with traditional outlook and welcoming hosts.

The Sinite Kamani rock formations above Sliven are spectacular and can be best seen if you take the lift from the town up to the mountain. North- west of Sliven are the towns of Kotel and the village of Jeravna. They are worth a visit for the traditional houses typical for the area and the art of the carpet making (in Kotel there is a museum of the traditional carpets).

Stara Planina slopes into the Black Sea and cape Emine is considered its final point. The most challenging route in the Stara Planina Mountains is the walk from Kom peak on the west to the Emine Cape on the Black Sea. The highest parts of Stara Planina are the mountains with the most severe climate in the winter and you have to be very careful with the forecast and follow the instructions of the Mountain Service.

St Valentine’s day? No, St. Trifon’s

St Valentine’s day? No, St. Trifon’s

What is celebrated on 14th February? You would say St Valentine’s Day. Not in Bulgaria!

Although in the last 15 years the catholic St Valentine is also celebrated by the younger generation, in the Bulgarian tradition it is the St Trifon’s day after the patron saint of vines and wine. According to the myths St. Trifon lived in the third century AD and is believed to have had the divine power to heal any sickness. He was tortured to death and beheaded for his Christian faith.

Bulgarians call the day of 14th February Trifon Zarezan (Trifon the Pruner). The celebrations on the day have their roots in the Thracian times and involve ritualistic pruning of the vines to ensure abundant grapes harvest. The ceremony takes place in villages with vineyards across the country. The men prune the vines whilst the women bake festive breads and roast chickens for the post-pruning feasts. Having done the pruning, men gather in the vines to eat, drink, sing and dance.

The man deemed to have grown the most grapes and made the best wine in the previous year is crowned ‘Tsar’, and he and his subjects are ordered to get drunk to ensure a plentiful harvest the following year. In the evening the men are guests in the Tsar’s house.

The St Trifon’s day is the first of the many Bulgarian traditions on the calendar connected to the eagerly awaited spring after the cold winter.



In Bulgaria March is associated with the coming of the spring. It is considered the first spring month and starts with an unique and beautiful ancient tradition – wearing of martenitsas.

“Martenitsa” is a red and white woven threads and tassels symbol of the wish for good health and prosperity. They are the heralds of the spring and while white as a color symbolizes purity and soul, red is a symbol of life and passion. It is given as an amulet in the period of spring, when nature gets “reborn” and starts blossoming.

The tradition requires that on the first day of March and few days afterwards, Bulgarians exchange and wear white and red tassels or small thread dolls called Pizho and Penda. The tradition calls for wearing the martenitsa until the person sees a stork or a blooming tree. The ritual of finally taking off the martenitsa may be different in the different parts of Bulgaria. In most cases people would tie their martenitsa on a branch of a fruit tree, thus giving the tree health and luck.

According to the legends the tradition to wear martenitsas started in 7th century. Despite its ancient roots it is very strong today and you would definitely be given a martenitsa or two if you are in Bulgaria during first days of March.

Bulgarian Christmas Traditions

Bulgarian Christmas Traditions

According to the Bulgarian tradition Christmas is celebrated from 24th to 27th December. The Bulgarian word for Christmas is ‘Koleda’ and the evening of the 24th December is called Malka Koleda (‘Little Christmas’) or Badni Vecher.

Malka Koleda (24th December) is a more important holiday than the 25th December because it is the birthday of Jesus Christ. At the centre of the celebration is the solemn Christmas table with the home-made bread and the Christmas dishes which should be vegan and odd number (7, 9 or 11). Traditionally there is round loaf, wine, beans, rice- made ‘surmy’, dried fruits, nuts, honey, boiled sweet wheat, and other dishes.

Once the table is arranged everyone sits at the same time and none should leave the table until the dinner is over. Usually the eldest woman raises the round- loaf and says a pray for health and prosperity for the family. Then she would break the bread and hand a piece to everyone. In some families half of the bread is put under the icon of the Holy Mother.

Everyone should try a bit of each dish on the table and when the dinner is over all leave the table at the same time. The table should not be cleaned until the morning. This is done due to the belief that dead people from the family would come during the night to taste the meals and to take care of the welfare of their relatives.

According to the older traditions the young ladies have to keep the first bit of the bread and put it under their pillows and dream about their future husbands. Every person on the table would get a walnut and check if it is good inside. This would predict whether he or she would be lucky during the following year. There are many other traditions connected with the prosperity, the livestock and crops as well as with the health and happiness of the family members.

The 25th December is the first day of Christmas. The families gather for lunch. Traditionally the meal is rich and the main course is pork. Again there is home- made round bread and wine.

Giving presents on Christmas is not part of the Orthodox tradition so people would open their presents on the evening of 24th, on 25th or on the New Year’s day depending on their own preference.

During communism the state restricted the celebration of Christmas as religion was in contradiction to the communist doctrine. Some of the traditions connected with Christmas were shifted to the New Year celebrations together with some modern traditions not connected with the church.

Small Group Homes for Children Leaving Institutional Care in Stara Zagora

Small Group Homes for Children Leaving Institutional Care in Stara Zagora

It has been exactly 5 years since 7/12/2007 when we published our first article about the small group homes in the city of Stara Zagora, which had been developed by ARK Bulgaria foundation with the help of Stara Planina Properties Sofia office.

Read more about the project of ARK Bulgaria Small Group Homes for Children Leaving Institutional Care and contribution of our clients for the kids in the homes in Stara Zagora in 2007.

The foundation supported the local government in this project for the first two years and recently Stara Zagora municipality is running the homes and providing for the needs of the children. Some of the first occupants already have new families and others still live there. They all have grown and developed much since they moved from the old state institution “Nadejda”.

Now a total of 38 children at the age of 6 to 12 years live in the five small group homes in Stara Zagora (there is one child aged 3). They need clothes, shoes, toys, early learning centre games and elementary English books, drawing materials and computers (even old ones).

If any of you, our readers, is interested to help by donating any of the above, you can contact our Sofia office at sofia@stara-planina.com or the Small Group Homes Support Centre at mgd_starazagora@abv.bg. You can also send any contribution to Small Group Homes Support Centre: 8 General Stoletov, Street Stara Zagora 6000

We sincerely thank anyone who would like to help.

Contribution to ARK Bulgaria SGH Project

Contribution to ARK Bulgaria SGH Project

This post was originally published in Stara Planina Properties newsletter on 14th March 2008.

In our December 2007 newsletter we informed you about ARK’s Small Group Homes project aiming at creating homes for kinds from an institution in the Bulgarian city of Stara Zagora. Following the receipt of the newsletter several of our readers have immediately contacted ARK Bulgaria to offer their help.

Our clients Steve & Tina Barrett have contributed a lot to the cause by purchasing toys worth over 2,000 pounds and driving from the UK to Bulgaria to bring them to the kids in Stara Zagora. Steve & Tina visited one of the homes in February and below are their impressions.

“When we saw the kids we were amazed at how relaxed they were, how friendly and well behaved they were too. Despite the obvious language barrier, they managed to communicate with us and they were so polite. Obviously, we have only a perception of what they have been through in their short lives so far, but the benefits of the comfortable, safe and pleasant environment have clearly made their mark and the work that ARK is doing is incredible. Add to that the life education and guidance that is clearly working so well and it all looks like a great set up.

What was really encouraging was to hear that the issues are being tackled at government level and that once the local support network has been “trained” by example, ARK will be able to hand control back to the locals with such an excellent model to follow.”

Both ARK Bulgaria and Stara Planina Properties are grateful to Mr & Mrs Barrett and all other people who showed interest and helped within their means.

Bulgaria’s Independence Day

Bulgaria’s Independence Day

On 22nd September Bulgaria celebrates the proclamation of the Bulgarian independence from Turkey in the year 1908. Although Bulgaria was liberated on 3 March 1878 politically it was a vassal country of Turkey according to the Berlin treaty of 1878.

During the communism era the significance of this event was very under played but this date is very important for Bulgaria – one of the oldest countries in Europe – as it reappeared on the political map of Europe after 5 centuries.

Veliko Turnovo traditionally is the centre of the celebrations as the independence was proclaimed on Tsarevets hill by the Bulgarian royal prince Ferdinand together with the government and members of parliament.

Every year celebrations take place in the Bulgaria’s ancient capital starting with the re-enactment of the 1908-events in the Holy Forty Martyrs Church and on Tsarevets Hill.

6th May – St George’s Day in Bulgaria

6th May – St George’s Day in Bulgaria

Being among the most famous Christian figures St George is believed to be born in Kapadokia (present Turkey) around the year 284 and died in present Israel in 305. Nothing of the man himself is known certainly but according to the chronicles he was a soldier of noble birth who was put to death by the Roman Emperor Diocletian for protesting against the persecution of Christians. Despite his young age George held the prestigious rank of tribune in the Roman army and was the Emperor’s favourite before manifesting his religious affiliation. After his death George rapidly became venerated throughout Christendom as an example of bravery in defence of the poor and the defenceless.

On St George’s Day (6th May) the Bulgarian Army flags are being consecrated by the priests in the city squares. Outside the religious tradition of St George’s Day it is also the symbol of spring revival. People go to church and bring home geranium to hang it over the gate where they leave it until the next spring as a symbol of health and prosperity.